To Your Health: Survey reveals cancer’s effect on caregivers
BY THE AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY April 29, 2014 9:30AM
Updated: June 1, 2014 6:21AM
To better understand the effects of cancer on the quality of life of caregivers, the American Cancer Society’s Behavioral Research Center initiated an eight-year study in 2002, called the American Cancer Society National Quality of Life Survey for Caregivers.
It is the largest nationwide, long-term study of its kind, encompassing surveys of nearly 2,000 cancer caregivers.
The following are the seven findings that one of the survey’s lead researchers, Rachel Cannady, a scientist with the Behavioral Research Center, thinks are the most important thus far, and her takeaways:
1. Fear of cancer coming
back is a two-way street.
Caregivers’ emotional distress and fear of cancer recurrence affects the quality of life of survivors — and vice versa.
“Interventions aimed at decreasing anxiety about cancer recurrence would benefit both the survivor and caregiver,” Cannady said. “Guided meditation is an example of a successful technique for reducing stress in caregivers.”
2. Caregiving is valuable.
On average, cancer caregivers studied spent about eight hours per day providing care. The value of their time can equate to tens of thousands of dollars per year, depending on how much care the person needs.
“To alleviate the time costs, caregivers can recruit help from other family members or friends, or find respite services to share care,” Cannady said.
3. Caregivers may have
Some cancer caregivers think they should be doing more than is realistic, creating a sense of guilt, which is linked to an overall poorer quality of life.
Said Cannady: “Guilt typically goes hand in hand with being overwhelmed. In order to restore a sense of meaning about the caregiving experience, it is extremely important for caregivers to prioritize their own emotional and physical needs, so they are better able to provide quality care to the survivor. Taking time away, perhaps once a week, to do something for oneself is highly encouraged.”
4. Caregivers can find meaning in their experience.
Family caregivers see their loved one’s cancer or even death from the disease as an opportunity to reflect on life’s purpose — and sometimes gain a new appreciation for it.
“Meaning-centered therapy has been proven effective in reducing the distress associated with providing care and helping caregivers find meaning and peace in their caregiving experience,” Cannady said.
5. Caregivers need a
strong support system.
Cancer caregivers who have to face a loved one’s recurrence of cancer or death from cancer are better equipped to handle these situations if they have a solid system of support in place.
“While it may be obvious that those who have more support have a better quality of life, our study shows that this holds true and is even more important when you’re dealing with the serious health condition of a close family member or friend,” Cannady said. “Caregivers can strengthen their support system to help improve their situation. There are many options out there, including the online community Cancer Survivors Network.”
6. As caregivers, husbands and wives each have strengths.
Husbands and wives face different challenges. Husbands tend to feel better than wives do about themselves as cancer caregivers. But wives do better than husbands when it comes to dealing with the emotional distress and social withdrawal of the person for whom they are caring.
Said Cannady: “Men tend to be ‘fixers’ when things aren’t right, so when a husband sees his wife struggling with cancer, he might try to fix the situation rather than help her adjust to it. Husband caregivers would benefit from interventions that educate them on how to cope with their wife’s distress around having cancer.”
7. Caregiving is demanding.
Women caregivers who have multiple competing demands — such as employment outside the home, and taking care of children — report experiencing more stress from caregiving than do those without as many demands. They also report higher levels of caregiver guilt.
“Women in the ‘sandwich generation’ (people who care for aging parents and their own children at the same time) tend to be professional jugglers,” Cannady said. “Finding additional help from family and friends would potentially alleviate the burden caused by multiple responsibilities.”